CSS Examples

CSS Syntax
The element selector
The id selector
The class selector (for all elements)
The class selector (for only <p> elements)
Grouping selectors
CSS comments


CSS Colors
Set the background color of an element
Set the text color
Set the border color
Set different color values
Set RGB values
Set HEX values
Set HSL values


CSS Backgrounds
Set the background color of a page
Set the background color of different elements
Set an image as the background of a page
How to repeat a background image only horizontally
How to position a background image
A fixed background image (this image will not scroll with the rest of the page)
All the background properties in one declaration
Advanced background example


CSS Borders
Set the width of the four borders
Set the width of the top border
Set the width of the bottom border
Set the width of the left border
Set the width of the right border
Set the style of the four borders
Set the style of the top border
Set the style of the bottom border
Set the style of the left border
Set the style of the right border
Set the color of the four borders
Set the color of the top border
Set the color of the bottom border
Set the color of the left border
Set the color of the right border
All the border properties in one declaration
Add rounded borders to an element
Set different borders on each side
All the top border properties in one declaration
All the bottom border properties in one declaration
All the left border properties in one declaration
All the right border properties in one declaration


CSS Margins
Specify different margins for each side of an element
Use shorthand margin property with four values
Use shorthand margin property with three values
Use shorthand margin property with two values
Use shorthand margin property with one value
Set margin to auto to center the element within its container
Let the left margin be inherited from the parent element
Margin collapse


CSS Padding
Specify different padding for each side of an element
Use shorthand padding property with four values
Use shorthand padding property with three values
Use shorthand padding property with two values
Use shorthand padding property with one value
Padding and element width (without box-sizing)
Padding and element width (with box-sizing)
Set padding-left of an element
Set padding-right of an element
Set padding-top of an element
Set padding-bottom of an element


CSS Height/Width
Set the height and width of an element
Set max-width of an element
Set the height and width of different elements
Set the height and width of an image using percent
Set min-width and max-width of an element
Set min-height and max-height of an element


CSS Box Model
Demonstrating the box model
Specify an element with a total width of 250px


CSS Outline
Draw a line around an element (outline)
Set the style of an outline
Set the color of an outline
Use outline-color: invert on an outline
Set the width of an outline
Use the shorthand outline property
Add space between an outline and the edge/border of an element


CSS Text
Set the text color of different elements
Align the text
Remove the line under links
Decorate the text
Control the letters in a text
Indent text
Specify the space between characters
Specify the space between lines
Set the text direction of an element
Increase the white space between words
Specify a text shadow for an element
Disable text wrapping inside an element
Vertical alignment of an image inside text


CSS Fonts
Set the font of a text
Set the size of the font
Set the size of the font in px
Set the size of the font in em
Set the size of the font in percent and em
Set the style of the font
Set the variant of the font
Set the boldness of the font
All the font properties in one declaration


CSS Icons
Font Awesome icons
Bootstrap icons
Google icons


CSS Links
Add different colors to visited/unvisited links
Use of text-decoration on links
Specify a background color for links
Add other styles to hyperlinks
Different types of cursors
Advanced – Create link boxes
Advanced – Create link boxes with borders


CSS Lists
All the different list item markers in lists
Set an image as the list-item marker
Position the list-item marker
Remove default list settings
All list properties in one declaration
Style lists with colors
Full-width bordered list


CSS Tables
Specify a black border for table, th, and td elements
Use of border-collapse
Single border around the table
Specify the width and height of a table
Set the horizontal alignment of content (text-align)
Set the vertical alignment of content (vertical-align)
Specify the padding for th and td elements
Horizontal dividers
Hoverable table
Striped tables
Specify the color of the table borders
Set the position of the table caption
Responsive Table
Create a fancy table


CSS Display
How to hide an element (visibility:hidden)
How to not display an element (display:none)
How to display a block-level element as an inline element
How to display an inline element as a block-level element
How to to use CSS together with JavaScript to show hidden content


CSS Positioning
Position an element relative to the browser window
Position an element relative to its normal position
Position an element with an absolute value
Sticky positioning
Overlapping elements
Set the shape of an element
Set the top edge of an image using a pixel value
Set the bottom edge of an image using a pixel value
Set the left edge of an image using a pixel value
Set the right edge of an image using a pixel value
Position image text (top left corner)
Position image text (top right corner)
Position image text (bottom left corner)
Position image text (bottom right corner)
Position image text (centered)


CSS Overflow
Using overflow: visible – The overflow is not clipped. It renders outside the element’s box.
Using overflow: hidden – The overflow is clipped, and the rest of the content is hidden.
Using overflow: scroll – The overflow is clipped, but a scrollbar is added to see the rest of the content.
Using overflow: auto – If overflow is clipped, a scrollbar should be added to see the rest of the content.
Using overflow-x and overflow-y.


CSS Floating
A simple use of the float property
An image with border and margins that floats to the right in a paragraph
An image with a caption that floats to the right
Let the first letter of a paragraph float to the left
Turning off float (using the clear property)
Turning off float (using the “clearfix” hack)
Create floating boxes
Create side-by-side images
Create equal-height boxes (with flexbox)
Creating a horizontal menu
Create a web layout example


CSS Inline-block
Show the differences between inline, inline-block and block
Using inline-block to create navigation links


CSS Aligning Elements
Center aligning with margin
Center aligning text
Center an image
Left/Right aligning with position
Left/Right aligning with position – Crossbrowser solution
Left/Right aligning with float
Left/Right aligning with float – Crossbrowser solution
Center vertically with padding
Center vertically and horizontally
Center vertically with line-height
Center vertically and horizontally with position


CSS Combinators
Descendant selector
Child selector
Adjacent Sibling selector
General Sibling selector


CSS Pseudo-classes
Add different colors to a hyperlink
Add other styles to hyperlinks
Use of :focus
:first-child – match the first p element
:first-child – match the first i element in all p elements
:first-child – Match all i elements in all first child p elements
Use of :lang


CSS Pseudo-elements
Make the first letter special in a text
Make the first line special in a text
Make the first letter and first line special
Use :before to insert some content before an element
Use :after to insert some content after an element


CSS Generated Content
Insert the URL in parenthesis after each link with the content property
Numbering sections and sub-sections with “Section 1”, “1.1”, “1.2”, etc.
Creating transparent images
Creating transparent images – mouseover effect
Reversed mouseover effect for transparent images
Transparent box/div
Transparent box/div with RGBA values
Creating a transparent box with text on a background image


CSS Navigation Bars
Fully styled vertical navigation bar
Fully styled horizontal navigation bar
Full-height fixed vertical navigation bar
Fixed horizontal navigation bar
Sticky navigation bar (does not work in IE or Edge 15 and earlier)
Responsive top navigation
Responsive side navigation


CSS Dropdowns
Dropdown text
Dropdown menu
Right-aligned dropdown menu
Dropdown image
Dropdown navigation bar


CSS Image Gallery
Image gallery
Responsive Image gallery


CSS Image Sprites
An image sprite
An image sprite – a navigation list
An image sprite with hover effect


CSS Attribute Selectors
Selects all <a> elements with a target attribute
Selects all <a> elements with a target=”_blank” attribute
Selects all elements with a title attribute that contains a space-separated list of words, one of which is “flower”
Selects all elements with a class attribute value that begins with “top” (must be whole word)
Selects all elements with a class attribute value that begins with “top” (must not be whole word)
Selects all elements with a class attribute value that ends with “test”
Selects all elements with a class attribute value that contains “te”


CSS Forms
Full-width input field
Padded input field
Bordered input field
Bottom bordered input field
Colored input fields
Focused input fields
Focused input fields 2
Input with icon/image
Animated search input
Styling textareas
Styling select menus
Styling input buttons
Responsive form


CSS Counters
Create a counter
Nested counters 1
Nested counters 2


CSS Website Layout
Simple, responsive website layout
A website example


CSS Rounded Corners
Add rounded corners to elements
Round each corner separately
Create elliptical corners


CSS Border Images
Create an image border around an element, using the round keyword
Create an image border around an element, using the stretch keyword
Image border – Different slice values


CSS Backgrounds
Add multiple background images for an element
Specify the size of a background image
Scale a background image using “contain” and “cover”
Define sizes of multiple background images
Full-size background image (completely fill the content area)
Use background-origin to specify where the background image is positioned
Use background-clip to specify the painting area of the background


CSS Gradients
Linear Gradient – top to bottom
Linear Gradient – left to right
Linear Gradient – diagonal
Linear Gradient – with a specified angle
Linear Gradient – with multiple color stops
Linear Gradient – color of a rainbow + text
Linear Gradient – with transparency
Linear Gradient – a repeating linear gradient
Radial Gradient – evenly spaced color stops
Radial Gradient – differently spaced color stops
Radial Gradient – set shape
Radial Gradient – different size keywords
Radial Gradient – a repeating radial gradient


CSS Shadow Effects
Simple shadow effect
Add a color to the shadow
Add a blur effect to the shadow
White text with black shadow
A red neon glow shadow
A red and blue neon glow shadow
White text with black, blue, and darkblue shadow
Add a simple box-shadow to an element
Add color to box-shadow
Add color and blur effect to box-shadow
Create paper-like cards (text)
Create paper-like cards (polaroid images)


CSS Text Effects
Specify how hidden, overflowed content should be signaled to the user
How to display the overflowed content when hover over the element
Allow long words to be able to be broken and wrap onto the next line
Specify line breaking rules


CSS Web Fonts
Use your “own” fonts in @font-face rule
Use your “own” fonts in @font-face rule (bold)


CSS 2D Transforms
translate() – move an element from its current position
rotate() – rotate an element clockwise
rotate() – rotate an element counter-clockwise
scale() – increase an element
scale() – decrease an element
skewX() – skews an element along the X-axis
skewY() – skews an element along the Y-axis
skew() – skews an element along the X and Y-axis
matrix() – rotate, scale, move, and skew an element


CSS 3D Transforms
rotateX() – rotate an element around its X-axis at a given degree
rotateY() – rotate an element around its Y-axis at a given degree
rotateZ() – rotate an element around its Z-axis at a given degree


CSS Transitions
Transition – change width of an element
Transition – change width and height of an element
Specify different speed curves for a transition
Specify a delay for a transition effect
Add a transformation to a transition effect
Specify all transition properties in one shorthand property


CSS Animations
Bind an animation to an element
Animation – change background-color of an element
Animation – change background-color and position of an element
Delay an animation
Run animation 3 times before it stops
Run animation for ever
Run animation in reverse direction
Run animation in alternate cycles
Speed curves for animations
Animation shorthand property


CSS Tooltips
Right tooltip
Left tooltip
Top tooltip
Bottom tooltip
Tooltip with arrow
Animated tooltip


CSS Style Images
Rounded image
Circled image
Thumbnail image
Thumbnail image as link
Responsive image
Image text (top left corner)
Image text (top right corner)
Image text (bottom left corner)
Image text (bottom right corner)
Image text (centered)
Polaroid images
Grayscale image filter
Advanced – Image Modal with CSS & JavaScript


CSS Object-fit
Cut off the sides of an image, preveserving the aspect ratio, and fill in the space
An example of all object-fit property values


CSS Buttons
Basic CSS buttons
Button colors
Button sizes
Rounded buttons
Colored button borders
Hoverable buttons
Shadow buttons
Disabled buttons
Button width
Button groups
Bordered button group
Animated Button (Hover Effect)
Animated Button (Ripple Effect)
Animated Button (Pressed Effect)


CSS Pagination
Simple pagination
Active and hoverable pagination
Rounded active and hoverable pagination
Hoverable transition effect
Bordered pagination
Rounded bordered pagination
Pagination with space between links
Pagination size
Pagination with space between links
Centered pagination
Breadcrumbs


CSS Multiple Columns
Create multiple columns
Specify the gap between columns
Specify the style of the rule between columns
Specify the width of the rule between columns
Specify the color of the rule between columns
Specify the width, style and color of the rule between columns
Specify how many columns an element should span across
Specify a suggested, optimal width for the columns


CSS User Interface
Let a user resize the width of an element
Let a user resize the height of an element
Let a user resize both the width and height of an element
Add space between an outline and the border of an element


CSS Variables
Using the var() function
Using the var() function to insert several custom property values


CSS Box Sizing
Width of elements without box-sizing
Width of elements with box-sizing
Form elements + box-sizing


CSS Flexbox
Flexbox with three flex items
Flexbox with three flex items – rtl direction
flex-direction – row-reverse
flex-direction – column
flex-direction – column-reverse
justify-content – flex-end
justify-content – center
justify-content – space-between
justify-content – space-around
align-items – stretch
align-items – flex-start
align-items – flex-end
align-items – center
align-items – baseline
flex-wrap – nowrap
flex-wrap – wrap
flex-wrap – wrap-reverse
align-content – center
Order the flex items
Margin-right:auto;
Margin:auto; = perfect centering
align-self on flex items
Specify the length of the flex item, relative to the rest of the flex items
Create a responsive image gallery with flexbox
Create a responsive website with flexbox


CSS Media Queries
Change the background-color to lightgreen if the viewport is 480px wide or wider
Show a menu that will float to the left of the page if the viewport is 480px wide or wider


CSS Media Queries – More Examples
Set different background colors depending on screen width
Responsive navigation menu
Responsive columns using float
Responsive columns using flexbox
Hide elements with media queries
Responsive font size
Responsive image gallery
Responsive website
Change layout of a page depending on the orientation of the browser
Min width to max width


CSS Responsive Webdesign
Responsive grid view
Add breakpoints for desktops, laptops and phones
Typical breakpoints
Responsive image
Responsive video
Responsive framework: W3.CSS
Responsive framework: Bootstrap


CSS Grid
Grid layout
Grid elements
Grid column gaps
Grid lines
Grid container
Grid items

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